The growing number of displaced people in the world is exacerbated by the war in Ukraine and the climate crisis.
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Fearing war, persecution or several human rights violations, they fled their homes. And because of rapid climate change that is already testing the welcome system born in the heat of the 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees. The United Nations has put the number in a position it describes as “alarming”: The number of victims of forced displacement has reached 100 million people in 2022, The equivalent of a large country of dispossession.
Although the displaced population has increased in recent years due to crises on the African continent, Ukraine has been the last straw. After the Taliban came to power in 2021 Afghanistanwith instability and war in ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Nigeria Hailstone Democratic Republic of the Congo They have brought that figure to 90 million; Eight million people who have fled their homes only since last February Invasin Rusa From Ukraine trend has been born.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Filippo Grandi said on Monday, “One hundred million is a devastating, grim and alarming figure in equal measure. It is a record that should never have been set.” ” “This should serve as a wake-up call to resolve and prevent devastating conflict, end oppression, and address the underlying causes that compel innocent people to flee their homes.”
Not all displaced persons are refugees protected by the 1951 Convention, which defines and endows those who flee disasters to another country and demand protection with rights. There are also so-called internally displaced persons, people forced to leave their homes behind but without crossing borders. This is a more common situation than it seems, and it applies in incidents such as the large Syrian refugee camps located next to the sealed Turkish border.
Latest Report of Record of Internal Displacement Observation Center (IDMC) 59.1 million internally displaced persons worldwide, The dossier adds 38 million new internal displacements in 2021. Of these, 14.4 million were due to conflict and 23.7 million were the result of natural disasters. from this block 22.3 million had to do with the season, that is, for a reason that, according to experts, will lead to future migrant crises: floods, extreme temperatures, cyclones or landslides. For example, more than six million were displaced in China and 4.9 million in India.
On the other hand, the most recent UNHCR calculations indicate that close to 73% of refugees stay in neighboring countries where they migrate, Turkey (3.7 million), Colombia (1.7 million) and Pakistan (1.4 million) are the countries that currently host the largest number of refugees. UNHCR will present details in the middle of next month of how the world’s 100 million displaced people have reached twice the population of Spain. But, beyond the constant perils Syria hey AfghanistanThe reason for the final rebound is the sudden movement of millions of Ukrainians in and out of their borders, generating new migrants without return, thanks, in large part, to the welcome and security policies deployed by European countries.
Shortly after the Russian offensive began, 27 activated a temporary security directive for those fleeing Ukraine, something they did not implement during the 2016 crisis, despite demands from several NGOs. refugees Huan is mainly from Syria. The European Asylum Agency announced late last month that 2.3 million refugees have registered for protection that guarantees them residence and work in the European Union for a period of one to three years.
“The international response to those fleeing the war in Ukraine has been overwhelmingly positive”, Filippo Grandi identified during the announcement of the fatal figure. “Compassion is alive and we need uniform mobilization for all crises around the world. But, in the end, humanitarian aid is a palliative, not a cure,” he warned. “To reverse this trend, the only answer is peace and stability, so that the innocent are not forced to gamble between hunger at home and the uncertainty of flight and exile.”
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