CES estimates there are 109,000 vacant jobs and calls on the government to act in the event of a “sharp increase” in vacancies in the medium term.


Salary alone does not explain the problem of 109,000 job offers left unfulfilled in Spain. The Economic and Social Council took notice and warned the government that if it did not take measures, it would have to add to the problem of unemployment which is a strong increase in the labor shortage for companies.

The second Vice President and Minister of Labor, Yolanda D.
Yolanda Daz, 2nd Vice President and Minister of Labor.Xavier LizzyEFE

Incidence of business problems in finding workers to meet business needs reached 2021 109,085 jobs according to the Economic and Social Councill, the government’s advisory body on socioeconomic and labor matters attached to the Ministry of Labour.

The number itself is no different when compared to other European countries, but it should be kept in mind that Spain is the second member of the European Union with the highest unemployment rate, with about three million unemployed, and CES experts point out that Out of The problem may experience a sharp “growth” in the coming years for demographic reasons and the flight of talent to other European countries.

The labor ministry last week convened social agents to discuss measures to tackle a problem hotelier Facing high season due to shortage of waiters and cooks. but they are also repeated Construction and many of its businesses, where they estimate the labor requirement at 700,000 people in the coming years. or in transportation – where only one in four drivers is under the age of 50 – or in occupations involving new technologies and digitalisacin, And if the criterion is more regional, regions such as Soria, Cuenca and Teruel hardly divide between regions because the problem is generalized.

after the meeting, Joacun Prez Ray, Secretary of State for Labor, pointed out that, in the case of the hotel industry, the labor shortage is matched by low wages and inadequate working conditions in some sectors. “pay them more” with which both Perez Rey and the minister yolanda diazoo The problem is summarized under the leadership of the chairman of Cepyme, Gerardo Cuerva, To brand Labor as “irresponsible and democratic”.

In this sense, the CES, composed of labor experts from companies and unions, takes care of maintaining a balance in the dispute and does not indicate wages due to a shortage of workers, although it does include them in the list of factors. What could trigger that situation for years to come, such as how effective adequate training or employment policies are.

In any case, he urges us to take the initiative for years to come. “Forecasts on employment needs point to a significant increase in these imbalances, with a greater volume on the labor demand side (the number of workers that companies are willing to hire),” chapters of the final memory dedicated to the agency This problem of the labor market lies in its socioeconomic and labor memory.

CES adds to this forecast. justified by bothGrowth generated by new activities driven by digitization and by environmental commitments, such as demographic issues. Spain is an old country and policies will have to be established to join it in the coming years Replacement of jobs left by the oldest active generations In the context of a segregated population, with an aging workforce and with the spatial distribution of the youth population more concentrated in urban areas and some regions, this may make replacement more difficult. In both the cases it is necessary to consider the motion for action,” he advises.

As data in this notice, CES refers to data from the European Center for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop), according to this body, by 2030 Spain will have to change more than a million jobs While the expansion of some sectors and activities will create another million jobs. In total 12 million jobs.

For this reason, the best preventive measure that the CES recommends to the government is to redouble the effort to prepare job offers to face this generational and technological change. “Creating and Qualifying People in Large Numbers”Yes, both in specific skills and in general skills and aptitudes required for different occupational groups (and productive activities).

Finally, CES underscores the lack of effectiveness of proactive employment policies, which it calls a “classic” of the labor market, “At the moment, there is little real progress, but at least a more ambitious approach is beginning to be achieved.” system of proactive employment policies capable of accomplishing these tasks”, he concluded.

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