Characteristics and description to differentiate monkeypox from other skin lesions

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In view of the alarm that may arise and suspicions about dermatological lesions suspected of monkeypox, it is advisable to contact the hospital

What is monkeypox?World

UK, Portugal and Spain Record A unusual outbreak from monkey pox, Various countries’ warning and public health systems study how and Why is there a spurt in cases outside the normal areas?Fear.

Given the alarm that may arise and doubts about it skin lesions who doubts you infection Francisco Javier Membrillo de Novels, spokesman for the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (Seimc), explains (in a Twitter thread) that “People who suspect they may be infected are advised to contact their referral hospital To make appropriate medical clinical decisions.

What disease is caused by monkeypox?

is about A rare viral zoonotic disease, it is not a sexually transmitted infection. The first human cases were identified in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970. The number of cases has increased in West and Central African countries over the past decade.

Outside Africa, cases of human infection monkeypox In different countries like US, UK, Israel and Singapore. In all cases, it is linked to an imported case or contact with imported animals.

From the limiter it is explained that according to case definition Provisionally adopted last Tuesday by the United Kingdom Health Protection Agency (UKHSA) and the Center for Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies (CCAES) of the Health and Autonomous Communities, this infection should be suspected: “A person with Vesicular rash anywhere on the body for no apparent reason, as well as at least one main symptom (described in the next question). besides being one Epidemiological link to a confirmed case or possible monkeypox within 21 days from the onset of symptoms; Happen man who has sex with men (MSM), to count on Travel history to West or Central Africa in the last 21 days at the onset of symptoms.

What are the main symptoms of this virus?

According to Fernando Farias, international coordinator of the Spanish Society of Virology’s Group of Experts on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses and director of the Institute of Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases, “It is the sum of a series of Symptom, It just doesn’t deserve one of them.”

The initial clinical picture usually includes:

  • FeverWith temperatures around 38-38.5C.
  • severe headacheHeadache.
  • myalgias or muscle pain and joint pain Or joint pain “similar to body aches or discomfort from the flu,” Farias says.
  • lymphadenopathyNamely, an increase in lymph nodes, “which are visible in the cervical region and under the jaw,” highlights the director of the Institute of Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases.
  • Tiredness,
  • A few days after the onset of fever, a exanthema ,Lessin Katania) Which often starts on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body.

monkey pox on the skin

one of the most important features of zoonotic infection is Lessin harvest which produces “there is a certain Similar to Chicken pox spotsBut it should be emphasized here that their progress together“, explains Ral Ortiz de Lezarazu, professor of microbiology at the University of Valladolid and former director of the National Center for Influenza in Valladolid.

this skin rash Often starts on the face and spreads to other parts of the bodyincluding genitals.

las skin marks Following is the development:At first it looks like a stainWhich after two or three days a. It happens pupula (Less than one centimeter with well-defined borders). then it kind of becomes injection vial and later it is dismantled”, explains Ortiz de Lezarazu.

“The eruption develops and goes through different stages. may appear similar to chickenpox or syphilisbefore eventually forming a crust that later falls off”, describe the British officers.

usually produce a self-limiting illness, and most people recover within several weeks, from two to four according to Seimc. However, in some cases serious illness can occur.

How is monkeypox spread?

monkeypox virus It is not considered particularly contagious between people. In general, person-to-person transmission is limited.

It is said from Seimc that Transmission is through saliva or respiratory excretion, or by contact with exudate from a wound or crusting material., through viral excretion feces and intercourse They may represent another source of risk.

In this last case, most of the infections that have so far arisen in Spain have been implicated.

What is the incubation and infection period of this virus?

Period incubacin Monkeypox (the interval between infection and the onset of symptoms) This is usually six to 16 days, although it can vary between 5 and 21 days.

Furthermore, it is usually a self-limiting disease. Symptoms lasting 14 to 21 days.

Severe cases are more frequent in children and their development depends on the degree of exposure to them viruspatient’s health status and severity of complications.

If the majority of cases have been in men having sex with men, is it a sexually transmitted infection?

No, experts insist that it is a zoonotic infection, The main route of infection common to current cases is fluid in intercourseBut it can also be spread in the ways described above.

Despite this the UKHSA Recommends “particularly those gay, bisexual and men who have sex with other men” To be alert for any unusual rashes or bruising.”

What is the treatment for monkeypox?

There is no vaccine or specific treatment available. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive, including prevention and treatment of secondary bacterial infections.

people studying in Spain develop positively and are isolated in their homes, However, they must be closely monitored as they may require hospitalization.

Does the smallpox vaccine protect against or prevent the simian virus?

There has been no vaccination against it since 1980 chicken pox It is considered as an infectious disease of humans. ,observation functions are which indicates that This vaccine can protect against other types of smallpox.”, explains Ortiz de Lezarazu.

CMO Surgi La Viruela del Mono?

first appeared in humans In the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970 (then called Zaire) in a nine-year-old boy in an area where smallpox was eradicated in 1968.

since, Most reported cases are from rural areas of the Congo Basin and rain forest of West Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it is considered endemic. In 2017, almost 40 years after the last confirmed cases, Nigeria suffered the largest documented outbreak.

in In the spring of 2003, cases of monkeypox were confirmed in the United States.For the first time, the disease was detected outside the African continent. Most of the patients had close contact with domestic prairie dogs that were infected with African rodents imported into the country.

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