Climate change more serious than Covid for most Spaniards

According to a survey by FBBVA


The study “Values, Attitudes and Environmental Behavior of the Spaniards” shows an increase in knowledge, interest and concern for the environment in Spanish society

Climate change
Europa Press
  • Enrique Sala, biologist “We have turned the ocean into a soup of microplastics”
  • Jane Goodall, PrimateLoga “Macro farms are unethical and destroy the environment”

In 2008, 44% of Spaniards believed that climate change was a problem that was undervalued. Fourteen years later, 71% of citizens already think so. This is not the only data collected in a survey published by the BBVA Foundation on the occasion of World Environment Day that shows a significant increase in the interest and concern of Spanish society for the health of our planet.

study, called Spanish values, attitudes and environmental practices, X-rays both society’s knowledge and perception on issues related to climate change and biodiversity, as well as the behaviors we take to reduce their impact.

One outstanding aspect is that the majority of those interviewed consider climate change to be a more serious challenge than the coronavirus (with an average of 7.2 on a scale of 0 to 10 agreement) and there is a broad consensus (8 on average). .1 on a scale of agreement from 0 to 10) on the need to act swiftly in the fight against climate change, as has been done with the pandemic.

To tackle climate change, they call for major international agreements and more initiatives from both the government and the EU, and the majority are in favor of investing in a green economy at a time of economic recovery.

The survey also shows that we know and talk about climate change more and more. Thus, half of those interviewed say it is a recurring topic of conversation with friends and family in their environment, twice as many as in 2005. in fact, almost Eight out of 10 people believe that global warming is already affecting Spain.

There is also agreement about the obligation that humans have to preserve the diversity of plants and animals, while “the survival of plants and animals is to be used by humans” or “economic development is more important than the protection of nature”.

origin of the problem

what science says about the origin of the problem, 59% show ‘high’ awareness of environmental issues, For example, 81% correctly identified the statement that “greenhouse gas emissions are the main cause of climate change” to be true, although there is some confusion on other issues. Most people mistakenly believe that “holes in the ozone layer cause climate change” (only 28% correctly identified this statement as false).

The study highlights “extensive knowledge about the environmental impact of different energies, a clear negative on non-renewable energies such as oil (an average of 8.4 on a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 means ‘nothing harmful’ and 10). Inserted ‘very harmful’) and coal (7.7), and a more favorable image of renewable energy, starting with solar (1.9) and wind (2.4).

Are we optimistic or do we think there is no solution? 55% believe that although climate change is irreversible, some of its impacts can be mitigated through the sum of personal and political behaviours, while 39% believe there is still time for this to reverse.

With regard to actions to reduce environmental impact, this contrasts with how widespread are habits such as recycling (always or repeatedly varying 87%), heating, air conditioning, reducing water and electricity use, or other actions. Also buying low consumption equipment such as getting little use of the car. There is still opposition to changing entrenched customsFor example, only 12% use a bike to get around the city, such as the use of a private vehicle, and use less polluting modes of transport.

A more ecologist Spain

80% of Spaniards attribute climate change to human activity

8% believe climate change is a natural process on Earth

78% believe climate change is already having consequences in Spain

55% believe that although it is irreversible, it is possible to reduce some of its effects

78% believe it affects their family and personally “a lot” or “significantly”

80% believe that the government should increase the level of investment in the environment

74% reduce heating usage

87% Recycle Glass, Cans, Plastic or Paper “Always” or “Often”

12% use a bicycle to get around their city

59% show ‘high’ knowledge about environmental issues

according to the norms of

trust project

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