- reporter’s gaze Uighurs in China: 380 detention camps and thousands of mosques destroyed in three years
- repression Uighurs in China: From re-education camps to “forced labor” in factories producing for Nike or Apple
On the day China presented its Winter Olympics to the world, two big spotlights were pointing in opposite directions. One looked up, at the officers’ box bird’s nestKnown as Beijing National Stadium. Host President Xi Jinping was accompanied by his Russian colleague Vladimir Putin. On 4 February, it was rumored that Putin had promised Xi that he would not attack Ukraine until the sporting event was over, as it did. The second focus was downstream, in the cauldron, where a cross-country skier named Dinigir Yilamujiang was the ultimate bearer of the Olympic flame.
It was no coincidence that Dinigir, a 20-year-old Uighur, was chosen to star in the highlight of the ceremony. The Games had opened amid noise of a US-led diplomatic boycott over China’s documented crackdown on Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang region, where Dinigir was born.
“Beijing has used athlete as a political puppet,” wrote Kamaltrak Yalkun, the first Uighur torch bearer during the 2008 Beijing Olympics, on Twitter. His father, Yalkun Rozi, a publisher of books on Uighur literature, was sentenced to 15 years in prison. In jail for sabotage.
A day after the opening ceremony of the Winter Games, Xi Jinping met with the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, who asked the Chinese leader to allow a delegation from the International Organization for Human Rights to visit Xinjiang for a one-of-a-kind inspection on human rights. said. Xi accepted the offer under conditions that never came into force. Just before that meeting, some international organizations Guterres was accused of withholding a report that the UN Was about to post about the mistreatment of Xinjiang Uighurs.
The report still doesn’t see the light. But a UN delegation will this week visit the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, a vast region of desert and mountains in northeastern China that is four times larger than Spain. The six-day visit will be led by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, who will land in Guangzhou in southern China this Monday, and visit the regional capital Kashgar and the cities of Urumqi in Xinjiang.
Bachelet had been demanding an unrestricted visit for some time to investigate multiple allegations of abuse. For three years Beijing has been organizing trips to Xinjiang for foreign correspondents where they are shown a kind of amusement park with Uighurs who sing, dance and process their religion with complete joy and freedom. The journalist may choose to travel to the region on his own, as did El Mundo last year, but upon arrival he faces constant and unquestioned surveillance by state officials and knows how to obtain any testimony. To attempt is to endanger the journalist. agree to speak.
Xinjiang is the province in which several international reports have identified dozens of re-education camps, China calls it “Vocational Training Center”Where more than a million Uighurs – about 10% of the Muslim minority living in the region – may have perished against their will on the grounds of ending religious extremism after two decades of attacks.
The allegations of Muslims living in those centers, journalistic investigations, reports from international experts and associations, as well as internal leaks from the Chinese government, go much further: forced labor, destruction of mosques, forced sterilization and torture.
After the date of Bachelet’s visit to China was made public, for the first time in 17 years by the UN human rights chief, the United States was very critical and expressed concern about all the sanctions the international mission would be subject to.
“The High Commissioner’s continued silence in the face of indisputable evidence of atrocities in Xinjiang is deeply disturbing, especially as he and should be a leading voice on human rights,” said US State Department spokesman Ned Price. It so happened that last year he used the word genocide to describe China’s crackdown on the Uighurs.
,This is a challenge to credibility. that the Chinese government allows the High Commissioner to see something they don’t want him to see, or allow human rights defenders, victims and their families to speak with him safely, without supervision and without fear of reprisal ,” thinks Sophie Richardson, director of Human Rights Watch in China.
Over the weekend, a statement signed by 40 politicians from 18 countries was addressed to Bachelet., which was warned that he could do permanent damage to the credibility of his office if he went ahead with the trip to Xinjiang. From the high commissioner’s office, they assure the newspaper that Beijing has promised that Bachelet and his team will have freedom of movement and will be able to interview witnesses without supervision.
“If we don’t let the UN mission come, they will say that it is because we are a dictatorship that has something to hide. And if we open the gates of Xinjiang for them, they will say that they are the Uighurs of Jin. Let’s talk they are puppets that China has kept to make us laugh.” Speak well of the government. Anti-Chinese discourse is so accepted in the West that whatever we do, we will always be the bad guys.Defends a Beijing Foreign Ministry official.
A wave of attacks prompted Peking to take full control of Xinjiang to eliminate separatist forces, which the Chinese government believes were led by organizations such as the Islamic Movement of East Turkestan, a terrorist group co-opted by the United Nations. was considered. By 2014, the area became one of the largest video surveillance outposts in the world., Then complaints began about the destruction of the victims’ detention camps or Uighur identity, while in Beijing he defended that all his measures were focused on fighting the insurgency and promoting the development of a key region on the commercial route to Central Asia. ,
according to the norms of