The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control also recommends checking available antivirals as well as safety for health professionals.
- public health “There is no cause for social alarm over monkeypox, but there is an epidemiological alarm”
- Epidemic Characteristics and description to differentiate monkeypox from other skin lesions
The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has just published a new review of monkeypox outbreaks that have spread to multiple countries and recommends that EU/EEA member states speed up identification, management, contact tracing and reporting. focus on. New cases of monkeypox. They should update their contact tracing mechanisms, orthopoxvirus diagnostic capability, and review the availability of smallpox vaccines, antivirals and personal protective equipment for healthcare professionals.”
From last 15th May and till today 23rd May, as per ECDC, total 85 cases of monkeypox acquired by the European Union in eight EU member states (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden). Currently diagnosed cases of monkeypox in humans are mainly found in among men who have sex with men, suggesting that transmission may occur during intimate relationships, “Infection can occur through large respiratory droplets from mucosal or non-intact skin lesions with infectious material, or during prolonged face-to-face contact,” notes the agency.
“Most of the current cases present with mild symptoms of illness and for the general population, very low chance of infectionECDC director Andrea Ammon said.However, the likelihood that the virus will continue to spread through close contact, for example, during sexual activity between people with multiple sexual partners, is thought to be high.”
European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety Stella Kyriakides said: “I am concerned about the increase in the number of reported monkeypox cases in the EU and globally. We are monitoring the situation closely, and Although there is currently little chance of an outbreak in the general population, the situation is developing., Kyriakides also said that we must remain vigilant “to ensure that contacts are located and that adequate diagnostic capacity is available, and that we have the necessary vaccines, antivirals and personal protective equipment.” For health professionals. The EU Health Protection Committee is called upon to “discuss monkeypox tomorrow, and the Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Authority (HERA), ECDC and EMA to ensure information about the epidemiological status and availability of vaccines and treatments. working together”.
Monkeypox virus can cause serious illness in certain population groups, such as young children, pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. More research is needed to accurately estimate the level of morbidity and mortality in this outbreak.
If human-to-animal transmission occurs and the virus spreads to animal populations, there is a risk that the disease will become endemic in Europe., For this reason, according to the ECDC, “closer inter-sectoral collaboration between human and veterinary public health officials is needed to manage exposed domestic animals and prevent the spread of disease to wildlife.”
Infected people should be isolated until the scab falls off and should be especially avoid close contact with immunosuppressed people and pets, It is also advised to abstain from sexual activity and stop physical contact until the rash is healed. Most cases can be resolved at home with supportive care.
Close contacts of cases of monkeypox should self-monitor themselves for the development of symptoms for 21 days after the last exposure.
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