Fines of up to half a million euros for companies that fail to comply with the food waste law

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The Council of Ministers approves the rule which aims to prevent the throwing of food

Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Luis Planas, after the Council of MinistersChema MoyaEFE

The Council of Ministers this Tuesday approved a bill against wastage of food that Forces companies into the food chain (from farmers to manufacturers to distribution) have a prevention plan To reduce waste and convert these food items to other uses.

The norm now begins its parliamentary process and is expected to come into force in January 2023, Companies that do not have this scheme can be fined between 2,001 and 60,000 euros,

“This law The goal is to increase regulation and awareness. Regulate the preferential use of food for human consumption and its donation to food banks and raise awareness in society as a whole to avoid loss and wastage of food”, said the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Luis Planas.

All companies except businesses with less than 1,300 square meters should have this plan. bars and restaurants, another source of waste, It will be their responsibility to provide convenience to the consumer which he can take which he has not consumed. Buffet-type establishments should have containers that are reusable.

30% is wasted

According to agriculture, Spanish households throw away 1,364 million kg/l of food, as of 2020 data, while the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that 30% of the food produced in the world is wasted.

Aecoc, the Association of Manufacturers and Distributors, which brings together more than 32,000 companies, “shares the general spirit and purpose of the bill.” Even then, With regard to the proposal to incorporate the acceptance mechanism, They choose one in the style of Italian law, “instead of choosing an accepted model such as the French, which has so far proved ineffective, given the difficulties in establishing control mechanisms”.

The sector already has a voluntary adherence initiative in which more than 700 companies are already participating and thanks to the adoption of containment plans in line with what is proposed in the bill, large retailers have been able to reduce costs from 1.78% to 0.9%. have been successful. Percentage of unused product on total marketing.

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priority of law is to allocate waste for human consumption Through donations to companies, NGOs or food banks. The minister has acknowledged that this may assume an additional cost for companies. These have to guarantee the traceability of the donated products through a registration system.

The food which is not fit for human consumption shall be used for animal feed and feed manufacturing, Use as by-products in any other industry and obtain manure or biofuel.

Severe sanctions will result in fines ranging from 60,001 to 500,000 euros, As a minor, with a fine of up to 2,000 euros, it is considered not to apply this hierarchy of preferences in the use of food or that industries, retail distribution companies, hotels and restaurants do not donate those products which are not sold through an agreement or settlement.

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