Taiwan Situation Overshadow Quad Alliance Summit


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The leaders of the US, Australia, Japan and India agreed not to condemn Russia’s aggression in Ukraine

From left to right: Anthony Albanese, Joe Biden, Narendra Modi and Fisida Fumio.
From left to right: Anthony Albanese, Joe Biden, Narendra Modi and Fisida Fumio.Saul LoebAFP
  • Asia Joe Biden says US will defend Taiwan in case of attack

With war permitting in Ukraine, this week geopolitical attention has shifted to the Far East. US President’s first Asian visit Joe Biden Not disappointing: it was sold as a trip to kick off a new trade deal with the region’s democracies and has become a crossroads of incendiary darts between the United States and China, with Taiwan in the middle. Simultaneously, adding more sand to the pot. The new Cold War that was already almost full.

That Biden told Tokyo on Monday that his country would be willing to intervene militarily to defend Taiwan caused much surprise in Beijing, which expected an aggressive narrative but did not count on that blow. His response was to warn America that he was “playing with fire” And don’t underestimate its power.

From the Asian giants, he never hid his intention to forcefully take back the island, which he considered a separatist province, but which actually functions as an independent nation, if necessary. However, even Washington’s ally does not dare to recognize Taiwan’s sovereignty. To do so would require crossing a sacred red line for China and neither of the two superpowers is interested in yet another war.

“No power, including the United States, can stop the pace of reunification of the Chinese people or change the failed fate of Taiwan’s independence forces,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin responded on Tuesday.

Under the storm caused by Biden’s statements on Taiwan, the coalition formed by the leaders of the Quad, the US, Australia, Japan and India, was convened in Tokyo this Tuesday around the mantra of promoting a “free and open Indo-Pacific” . It is widely seen as a counterweight to China’s growing influence in the region. The four countries have jointly Two naval exercises from 2020 And its leaders have met three times in two years, including at a one-on-one summit at the White House.

during the phase of Donald Trump In Washington, Quad woke up as fast as he fell asleep. Biden had made it clear from the start of his term that he intended to strengthen ties with his allies in the region. It is in favor that they all share various disputes with China.

Tokyo partnered with Washington to monitor Chinese naval activity around the Senkaku Islands, claimed by the Japanese and Chinese. India has already become accustomed to conflict with China over a 3,000-km border in the Himalayas. And Australia has plunged two years into its worst diplomatic ties with the Asian country in decades, especially since Beijing imposed tariffs on Australian products such as wine, barley and beef, despite a free trade agreement being signed in 2015. Was.

The new Australian prime minister, Labor Anthony Albanese, has been rookie at this meeting of the Quad, led by Biden and which also featured Japanese Fumio Kishida and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has distanced himself in recent months. Allied democracy to his country’s position after the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

India has been striving to walk an equal distance of not condemning the Moscow attack for three months, not abandoning its millionaire pacts with Putin, but it also doesn’t want to offend its traditional ally in Washington. After the meeting, Australian Albany told reporters that the leaders shared a “strong view” in talks on Russia. Although they made no direct mention of Russia in an accompanying statement, that could be construed as a concession to India’s ambiguous position.

Personal comments were more direct at the end of the meeting. “Russia’s one-sided, illegal and immoral attack on the people of Ukraine is an outrage and atrocities against innocent civilians we could not expect in the 21st century,” Australia’s prime minister said. “Russia’s attack on Ukraine only heightened the importance of the objectives of the international order, the fundamental principles of territorial integrity and sovereignty,” Biden defended.

Chinese influence reaction

The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue was born as a simple mutual aid association after the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, when the four countries came together to provide humanitarian aid. The alliance was formalized in 2007 by the then Japanese Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, But it went dormant a few months later when Australia announced its withdrawal to strengthen commercial ties with China. It took until 2017 for the group to revive in response to Beijing’s growing regional influence. Since President Xi Jinping came to power, the regime has been implementing an increasingly assertive foreign policy, boasting economic and military might.

The Quad democracies defend the revival of their coalition over the moves of their rival, which may include building artificial islands in the South China Sea, putting pressure on Taiwan, or sending their coast guards and fighters to encircle islands in dispute with China. ranges from. Also due to rapprochement with Russia, especially at the beginning of the year, shortly before the invasion of Ukraine, Xi signed an “unlimited” partnership with Vladimir Putin.

The leaders of the four Quad nations on Tuesday pledged to unite for a “free and open Indo-Pacific”, a recurring expression from the allies that Beijing always translates as an effort to create “Indo-Pacific NATO”. The group’s most high-profile announcement was the launch of a satellite-based maritime initiative, the Indo-Pacific Maritime Dominance Awareness Association (IPMDA), to help countries in the region “track illegal fishing and armed militias”. In clear reference to the movements of Chinese fishing vessels which sometimes act more like an army than a maritime militia.

During the meeting, Washington pledged to provide more booster shots. COVID-19 and pediatric vaccine doses to Indo-Pacific countries, while India has said it will expand its serum manufacturing capacity. The partners also announced their joint plans against climate change, starting with the two aiming to develop “green” shipping corridors between member states and clean up supply chains through increased deployment of hydrogen and reducing methane emissions. This led to the creation of a ministerial task force.

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