The first and probably last year of Israel’s most anomalous government


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The government’s coalition, which is made up of the right-wing, centre, left and an Arab party, has only 60 out of 120 support, but in the coming days, it may lose more support.

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Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett and Foreign Minister Yair Lapid.Gil Cohen-MagnonAFP
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“The experiment with you has failed”, Nir Orbach, the Jewish deputy of the right-wing Yamina party, lashed out at his coalition partner, Mazen Ghanem, a Muslim legislator from the Arab Islamist Ram Party, shortly after break voting discipline The most anomalous alliance in Israeli history.

After losing several votes in the Knesset this week, the government is celebrating the first year of its life that, as some of its members believe and all its rivals predict, will be the last. The eight-party coalition was born in an unexpected emergency with the support of 61 deputies out of 120, and is about to die with 60, if the day smiles, or less if many legislators wonder again like Ghanem. Or Orbach himself, who is in talks with the opposition leader’s Likudo Benjamin Netanyahu To switch sides for position on their list.

Belongs to Orbach’s Party Naftali BennettAfter the election in March 2021, centrist leader Y. agreed withair lapid Left, center and right and a rotating executive with parties belonging to the Arab region to find a way out of the maze in which the Israelis were immersed Four elections in two years Around the figure of the former prime minister from 2009 and now, in the corruption trial.

Created “on the basis of 80% consensus leaving the remaining 20% ​​on the sidelines”, the government has moved into a reality that is not so pleasant. The ship’s two captains, ‘Premier’ Bennett and Foreign Minister Lapid, have had to dodge icebergs due to conflict issues with the Palestinians, such as Tension and clashes in the esplanade of mosquesloss Palestinian attacksThe Clearance or construction in settlements in the West Bank, e.t.c.; ideological differences and relationship between state and religion, Personal ambitions and an aggressive opposition are ready to do anything to sink them.

And “everything” means, for example, voting against the rules, extended every five years, that extend Israeli law to residents of settlements in the West Bank occupied in the 1967 war, given the fact that Despite that he mostly voted for the Netanyahu bloc. “The majority in Judea and Samaria understand that the main thing is the collapse of a weak government that relies on anti-Semitism”, justified the Likud deputy, Mickey Zohar.

The Arab Gaida Rinawi Zobi has also voted despite the fact that his party, the leftist Meretz, asked him not to do so because it would not change the situation in the West Bank, but would change the structure of the government.

Meretz never imagined, not even in his nightmares, that his six seats would crown the former Director General of the Settlements Council as prime minister. their support for measures they have traditionally opposed, because Israeli politics is often a choice between a bad and a lousy choice., And the worst for the left in a socially right country is to turn to the opposition and allow the return of Netanyahu, backed by ultra-nationalists and ultra-conservatives and reinforced in elections. “Because of the historic coalition agreements that brought Jews and Arabs together, we pay a necessary price for avoiding the option that is terrible for Israel,” said left-wing health minister Nitzen Horowitz.

A government backed by Islamists identified with the Palestinian cause did not appear even in the nightmare of the religious nationalist Yamina. For its leader, Bennett, it has also been a dream ever since he had the opportunity of a lifetime: head of government. His nightmare is managing a party that has been reduced from seven deputies to five, which, in fact, began to falter in April with the abandonment of Yamina’s parliamentary head, Idit Silman. Fish’ for Likud.

In a nearly impossible mission, Lapid and Bennett try to survive until July 23 when the Knesset dissolves for leave and is thus prevented from doing so because of the call for elections. This would give the coalition a few more months, though each week depending on the whims and interests of any deputy in a country, moreover, each event tightens the rope between right-wingers, leftists and Arabs.

Therefore, the big question in the corridors of parliament in Jerusalem is no longer the date of the election, but who will be the transitional prime minister. According to the rotation agreement, Lapid (with 17 seats, the one with the most support in the coalition) would become head of government in 2023, but would do so earlier if Bennett’s conservative bloc held an early election. If the culprit is the center-left or the Rams, Bennett will remain prime minister. This is not a simple matter. The position can be extended that the elections do not provide any block with the 61 required deputies.

Bennett-lapids rule without a majority in the Knesset while Netanyahu lacks a majority for an alternative government. This is why voting takes place on all streets in Israel.

balance

The government has summarized the year by highlighting the budget approval after a three-year blockade, a reduction in crime in the Arab region. 8% economic growth2.9% unemployment, budget deficit of 0.04%, Strong relations with many Arab countries and improved with the US and the EU, without closing the management against the coronavirus and with a quiet year in the South, Six projectiles launched by Gaza militia for 2021’s 3,250However these included a full-scale performance with hams.

The opposition on its part has accused the government of significant price increaseThe erosion of Jewish identity The country’s lack of security and “Palestinian not responding to attacks because it relies on supporters of terrorism” referred to Arab Ram. from the opposition Another Arab faction accuses him of being “more right-wing” His rivalry with Rama is so great compared to Netanyahu’s that he supports legislation to dissolve the Chamber, even though it may mean more nationalist regions come to power.

The Knesset has seen it all since its first season in 1949, but nothing compared to last year’s hard-fought confrontations and rare alliances, which began with the inauguration of an unprecedented coalition that spent its final months. could.

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