WHO warns about monkeypox: “The situation is worrying because it does not follow the typical patterns we have seen before”


From the organization’s European office they stress the traceability of cases “to control the potential for further transmission.” There are already outbreaks in 17 countries with a total of about 150 infections.

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This electron microscopy image provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows monkeypox cellular infection.Cynthia S. goldsmithAFP
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The number of cases increases every day and new cases are added to the total number of countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that “The current situation is worrying as it does not match the typical pattern we have seen with monkeypox before“. This has been transmitted to EL Mundo by Tariq Jasarevic, spokesman for the European Office of the International Organization.

However, it sends a reassuring message by saying that “monkeypox does not generally spread easily between people, as it requires close physical contact. This outbreak is controlled as the risk to the general public appears to be low.” is.” However, immediate action by countries is necessary to control the potential for onward transmission.”

This situation has changed WHO’s plans on the recovery of the smallpox vaccine against this infection. ,Until now, the WHO recommended smallpox vaccination only as a preventive measure or in selected people at risk. (lab worker, first responder); We set out to review this guidance with the Immunization Experts Group (SAGE) in October of this year, so the timeline will need to be accelerated,” Jasarevic emphasized.

WHO notes that “Smallpox vaccination shown to protect against monkeypox, A new smallpox and monkeypox vaccine has been approved, but is not yet widely available outside national stores. Some countries are offering vaccination to real or potential contactsThis is in response to scientific evidence that the smallpox vaccine in adults (before 1980) protected people up to 85%.

In yesterday’s WHO record, the total number of confirmed monkeypox cases in recent weeks in non-endemic countries has now risen to 131 with another 106 suspected. The countries that have reported the most infections are Spain (40), Portugal (37) and the United Kingdom (20). Cases have been confirmed in 17 countries, mostly European, although infections have also been identified in Pakistan (2), Israel (1), Canada (5), the US (2) and Australia (2), the WHO indicated. During the technical session of the current annual meeting of the given organization.

For the WHO, the problem with this zoonotic infection is that “In the past few years, we have seen outbreaks in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria. We have seen sporadic export cases (less than 10 cases) from Nigeria to other countries. But it is unusual to see so many cases in other countries and person-to-person spread in non-endemic countries,” explains Jasarevic.

Differences in the general pattern of contagion seen in most countries (men having sex with men) and transmission of infection between people without jumping between species or with travel origins in an endemic area are of concern. Outbreaks in different countries. ,Monkeypox is endemic in many countries and is sometimes recognized in a traveler in other countries., However, this is the first time that there have been cases in different countries that typically do not cause the disease at the same time, without a link to travel from endemic countries,” Jasarevic says.It is essential to understand the factors that contribute to transmission in non-endemic countries. Now the priority is to stop the transmission.”

In This Week of ‘Case Explosion’, WHO Emphasizes Tracing, “But Still” Patient Zero could not be traced“The WHO spokesman is sorry. And for this reason he insists that”Intensive public health measures should continue in countries that have identified infections. In addition to the ability to trace contacts and sources, the search for latent infections and local surveillance of rash diseases in the affected community and in general, as well as in primary and secondary health care settings, should be strengthened.

For this reason, he emphasized that “any patient with suspected monkeypox should be screened and isolated (and cared for) during the anticipated and known infectious periods, that is, the prodermal phase of the disease.” and occurs during the exanthemamatic phases.” and warn that, all “Countries should be on alert for signs related to patients presenting with abnormal vesicular eruptions or pimplesIt is often associated with fever in a variety of health care and community settings, including, but not limited to, primary care, fever clinics, sexual health services and dermatology clinics.”

At the start of the summer season, he recalls that “travellers should be encouraged to report illness during travel or upon return to a health professional, including information on all recent trips and vaccination history.”

And, moreover, Jasarevic recalls that animals are stores of the pathogen. Therefore, “residents and travelers to endemic countries should be advised to avoid contact with sick animals (live or dead) that may harbor the monkeypox virus (rodents, marsupials, primates) and game animals (shrub meat). Avoid eating or handling.” Here, he makes a point in lessons that we should have already learned with COVID,” emphasizing the importance of hand hygiene through the use of water and soap or alcohol-based disinfectants should go.”

It also affects the true safety of healthcare professionals. “They should be given recommendations for implementing standard, contact and droplet infection control precautions.” Also, it stresses that “specimens taken from people with suspected monkeypox or animals with suspected monkeypox virus infection should be handled by trained personnel working in properly equipped laboratories.”

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